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Full text of "Byzantine Churches In Constantinople"

vii   CHURCH OF THE THEOTOKOS PAMMAKARISTOS   141
retired from the world and assumed the name Martha In religion.1
In addition to the figures of the restorers of the church2 portraits in mosaic of the Emperor Andronicus and his Empress Anna3 as the legends beside the portraits declared3 stood on the right of the main entrance to the patriarchate.2
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As both Andronicus II. and his grandson Andronicus III. were married to ladies named Anna, it is not clear which of these imperial couples was here portrayed. The fact that the consort of the former emperor died before the restoration of the church by the protostrator Michael is certainly in favour of the view supported by Mr, Siderides that the portraits represented the latter emperor and empress-3 Why these personages were thus honoured is not explained.
Having restored the monastery, Michael Glabas entrusted the direction of its affairs to a certain monk named Cosmas, whom he had met and learned to admire during an official tour in the provinces. In due time Cosmas was introduced to Andronicus IL3 and won the imperial esteem to such an extent as to be appointed patriarch.4 The new prelate was advanced in years, modest, conciliatory, but,
1  See Carmina PMlae, edited by E. Miller, odes 54, 57, 59, 92, 164, 165, 219, 237, for references to the protostrator, or to his wife, or to the Pamrnakaristos,
2  Hans Jacob Bretining, Onentalische Reyss, chap. xvii. p. 66.    He visited Constantinople  1579-80.     The portraits stood *Im Eingang auff der redhten Seiten/ or, as another authority has it, * in patriarchica porta exteriore, in pariete dextero ab ingredientibus conspiciuntur/ Turcograecia, p. 75.
3  Gerlach refers to these portraits, but without mentioning- the names of the persons   they represented.    The   legends were  communicated  to  M.   Crusius (Turcograecioi  p.   75)   by Theodosius   Zygomalas,  the   protonotarius   of  the patriarch in the time of Gerlach.
4  Pachym. ii. pp. 182-89.    When Cosmas was appointed patriarch a curious incident occurred.    A monk of the monastery of the Pantepoptes protested against the nomination, because it had been revealed to him that the person who should fill the vacant office would bear the name John.    Such was the impression made by this prediction that matters were so arranged that somehow Cosmas was able to claim that name also.    Whereupon the monk went on to predict how many years Cosmas would hold office, and that he would lose that position before his death.